Churchill, Charles

(1731-1764)
   London-born Churchill, the son of a clergyman, was educated at Westminster School, although it is uncertain that he went to Cambridge University. He was ordained more from necessity than conviction or desire and succeeded his father as curate of St. John's Westminster in 1758. His fortunes changed with the publication of his satire The Rosciad, influenced by Dryden, and published at his own risk in 1761. He resigned his clerical position in 1763 and his pen became something to be feared in literary circles. Some of his other publications, mainly satires: The Apology, 1761. The Prophecy of Famine, 1762. The Author, 1763. The Epistle to William Hogarth, 1763. The Duellist, 1764 (a defense of his friend John Wilkes, wounded in a duel, The Times, 1764). The epitaph on his gravestone is "Life to the last enjoyed, here Churchill lies," lines from his poem "The Candidate." Some of his other poems: "Character of a Critic," "Dedication," "European Crimes," "Independence," "Night; an Epistle to Robert Lloyd," "The Ghost," "The Journey," "The Pains of Education."
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition, 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). Poems of Charles Churchill. Barnes and Noble, 1933. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The Oxford Book of Satirical Verse. Geoffrey Grigson, ed. Oxford University Press, 1980. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Churchill, Charles — ▪ British poet born February 1731, London, Eng. died Nov. 4, 1764, Boulogne, France  English poet noted for his lampoons and polemical satires written in heroic couplets.       Churchill was educated at Westminster School. Although he was delayed …   Universalium

  • CHURCHILL, CHARLES —    an English poet, born at Westminster; began life as a curate, an office which he was compelled to resign from his unseemly ways; took himself to the satire, first of the actors of the time in his Rosciad, then of his critics in his Apology,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Churchill, Charles — (1731 1764)    Satirist, s. of a clergyman, was ed. at Westminster School, and while still a schoolboy made a clandestine marriage. He entered the Church, and on the death of his f. in 1758 succeeded him in the curacy and lectureship of St. John… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Charles Spencer-Churchill, 9. Herzog von Marlborough — Charles Spencer Churchill, 9. Duke of Marlborough, Ausschnitt eines Gemäldes von John Singer Sargent (1905) Charles Richard John Spencer Churchill, 9. Duke of Marlborough (* 13. November 1871, † 30. Juni 1934) war ein britischer Politiker und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough — Charles Spencer Churchill, 9. Duke of Marlborough, Ausschnitt eines Gemäldes von John Singer Sargent (1905) Charles Richard John Spencer Churchill, 9. Duke of Marlborough (* 13. November 1871, † 30. Juni 1934) war ein britischer Politiker und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Churchill (Begriffsklärung) — Churchill ist der Familienname einer britischen Familie, siehe Churchill (Familie). Namensträger sind: John Churchill, 1. Duke of Marlborough (1650–1722), englischer Feldherr John Spencer Churchill, 7. Duke of Marlborough (1822–1883), britischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Churchill — (* Februar 1732[1] in Westminster; † 4. November 1764 in Boulogne sur Mer), war ein englischer Poet und Satiriker. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Churchill — ist der Familienname einer britischen Familie, siehe Churchill (Familie). Bekanntestes Mitglied ist Winston Churchill (1874–1965), britischer Staatsmann, Schriftsteller und Nobelpreisträger. Weitere Mitglieder der Familie sind (chronologisch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Churchill [2] — Churchill, Charles, geb. 1731, zuerst Landpfarrer, dann Ciderhändler, als welcher er Bankerott machte; hierauf ging er nach London und lebte von der Feder; er war Satyriker, nicht ohne Witz und Kraft der Sprache, sehr populär zur Zeit der polit.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Churchill Machine Tool Company — The Churchill Machine Tool Company Limited Type Machine Tool Manufacturer Industry Engineering Fate Taken over, liquidated …   Wikipedia

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